The Federal Bureau of Narcotics relentlessly pursued Holiday, the chase largely fueled by commissioner Harry Anslinger's biases.
The first Black U.S. congresswoman and major-party presidential candidate knew how to shake up the status quo with her pointed words.
The first lady and activist came from drastically different backgrounds but bonded over their mutual belief in the power of education and desire to champion civil rights causes.
What started off as a hashtag on a Facebook post has become a national rallying cry for equality.
The daughter of formerly enslaved people, Bethune went on to become an influential figure in education and the highest-ranking Black woman in the U.S. government.
Subscribe to the Biography newsletters to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives.
The self-made scholar promoted "Negro History Week" as part of efforts to embed Black studies into the American education system.
The African American doctor had to think on his toes during the 1893 operation.
Banneker had some choice words about Jefferson's beliefs and actions in a polite but stern 1791 letter.
The Alabama teenager didn’t budge when she was told to vacate her seat for a white woman and joined a lawsuit that brought an end to her city's segregated bus laws, but she received little recognition at the time for her efforts.
The vice president, primarily raised by her Indian mother, was taught to embrace her diverse heritage, creating values that paved the way for the boundary-breaking politician.
The civil rights leaders had great respect and admiration for each other, but they clashed on some of their core beliefs.
Born premature and plagued with illnesses throughout her childhood, the groundbreaking athlete went on to defy all the odds and bring home three Olympic golds.
Tragedy brought the widows of Martin Luther King Jr. and Malcolm X together, with the friendship cemented by their own sense of activism.