- NAME: Mary, Queen of Scots
- OCCUPATION: Queen
- BIRTH DATE: December 08, 1542
- DEATH DATE: February 08, 1587
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Linilithgow, Scotland, United Kingdom
- PLACE OF DEATH: Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire, England, United Kingdom
- Full Name: Mary, Queen of Scots
- AKA: Mary Stuart
- AKA: Mary I
- AKA: Mary Stewart
- AKA: Queen Mary
- AKA: Queen Mary I
Best Known For
In 1542, the Scottish throne went to Mary, Queen of Scots, a controversial monarch who would also become France's queen consort and claim the English crown.
Think you know about Biography?
Answer questions and see how you rank against other players.Play Now
Mary gave birth to Darnley's son—the future James VI of Scotland and James I of England—a few months after the murder, but she no longer wished to be married to Darnley.
When Darnley was mysteriously killed following an explosion at Kirk o' Field, outside Edinburgh, in February 1567, foul play was suspected. Mary's involvement is unclear, but she consented to marry the main suspect in her husband's murder—James Hepburn,
earl of Bothwell—only three months later.
This scandalous union made the Scottish nobility rise against Mary. Bothwell was sent into exile, while Mary was imprisoned in Lochleven Castle. In July 1567, Mary was compelled to abdicate the throne in favor of her infant son.
In 1568, Mary escaped from Lochleven. She raised an army, but was soon defeated. Mary then fled to England, where she sought Elizabeth's protection. Instead of helping her cousin, Elizabeth imprisoned Mary. Mary's captivity would last for the next 18 years.
Given Mary's lineage and religion, she became the focus of Catholic plots to assassinate Elizabeth so that Mary could take the throne. Mary corresponded with Anthony Babington, one such plotter. When Elizabeth's spymaster uncovered the letters in 1586, Mary was brought to trial and found guilty of treason.
After Elizabeth signed her cousin's death warrant, Mary was executed in Fotheringhay Castle, Northamptonshire, on February 7, 1587. She was 44 years old. Elizabeth had Mary buried in Peterborough Cathedral. After Mary's son became king of England, he moved his mother's body to Westminster Abbey in 1612.
Centuries after her death, Mary continues to be an object of cultural fascination. Her life inspired the 1971 film Mary, Queen of Scots, the television show Reign and a popular 2013 exhibition at National Museums Scotland.
© 2014 A+E Networks. All rights reserved.
profile name: Mary, Queen of Scots profile occupation:
Sign in with Facebook to see how you and your friends are connected to famous icons.
Your Friends' Connections
Included In These Groups
Famous Scottish People 61 people in this group
Queen Elizabeth I and Queen Mary I 2 people in this group
Famous Sagittarians 607 people in this group