Scientists make important breakthroughs in research, technology, mathematics and the natural and physical sciences. From Stephen Hawking, Marie Curie and Isaac Newton to Jane Goodall, Albert Einstein and Charles Darwin, scientists advance society and our understanding of the world.
Marie Curie was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, in Physics, and with her later win, in Chemistry, she became the first person to claim Nobel honors twice. Her efforts with her husband Pierre led to the discovery of polonium and radium, and she championed the development of X-rays.
Gregor Mendel was an Austrian monk who discovered the basic principles of heredity through experiments in his garden. Mendel's observations became the foundation of modern genetics and the study of heredity, and he is widely considered a pioneer in the field of genetics.