- NAME: Theodore Roosevelt
- OCCUPATION: Environmental Activist, Warrior, Governor, U.S. President
- BIRTH DATE: October 27, 1858
- DEATH DATE: January 06, 1919
- EDUCATION: Harvard College, Columbia Law School
- PLACE OF BIRTH: New York, New York
- PLACE OF DEATH: Oyster Bay, New York
- Full Name: Theodore Roosevelt Jr.
- AKA: TR
- AKA: Teddy Roosevelt
- AKA: Theodore Roosevelt
- Nickname: "Trust-Buster"
Best Known For
A New York governor who became the 26th U.S. president, Theodore Roosevelt is remembered for his foreign policy, corporate reforms and ecological preservation.
Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt was governor of New York before becoming U.S. vice president. At age 42, Teddy Roosevelt became the youngest man to assume the U.S. presidency after President William McKinley was assassinated in 1901.
"The Bull Moose Room" at New York City's Keens Steakhouse features an array of memorabilia in honor of Theodore Roosevelt, who used to frequent the restaurant.
An inside look at the vigorous lifestyle of Theodore Roosevelt.
Learn about the origins of the Spanish American War and Theodore Roosevelt's hunger for war with Spain.
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Roosevelt's progressive policies in New York ran him afoul of his own party, so Republican Party bosses plotted to quiet him by naming him on the McKinley ticket in the thankless post of vice president. However, after his re-election in 1901, President McKinley was assassinated. At age 42,
Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt became the youngest man to assume the U.S. presidency.
Theodore Roosevelt’s presidency is distinguished by his dedication to prosecuting monopolies under the Sherman Antitrust Act. Out of this commitment grew a benchmark of his first term, the "Square Deal"—a domestic program that embraced reform of the American workplace, government regulation of industry and consumer protection, with the overall aim of helping the middle class. Roosevelt's charismatic personality and impassioned combination of pounding fists and emphatic rhetoric undoubtedly helped in pushing his agenda.
In 1905, Teddy Roosevelt walked his niece, Eleanor Roosevelt, down the aisle (Theodore's brother, Elliott, had died in 1894) during the wedding ceremony for Eleanor and her fifth cousin once removed, Franklin D. Roosevelt.
Around the same time, believing that America needed to take its rightful place on the world stage, Roosevelt initiated a massive public relations effort. He bulked up the U.S. Navy and created the "Great White Fleet," sending it on a world tour as a testament to U.S. military power. He also helped expedite completion of the Panama Canal, a vital conduit allowing ships to pass between the Atlantic and Pacific oceans in half the time previously required. A testament to his efforts, President Roosevelt was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1906 for his role in negotiating the end of the Russo-Japanese War. (Roosevelt believed that diplomacy rather than war was the best way to handle international disputes.)
Roosevelt's anti-war stance was the impetus for the Roosevelt Corollary to the Monroe Doctrine, which claims the right to intervene in cases of "wrongdoing by a Latin American Nation," though some critics assert that the doctrine designates the United States as the "policeman" of the western world.
Roosevelt has been called the nation's first modern president, in part because he dealt with many of the issues that we still grapple with today. His civil rights record is notable, and he supported desegregation and women's suffrage. He also defended Minnie Cox, who experienced racial discrimination in the South while working as a postmaster, and was the first to entertain an African-American, Booker T. Washington, as a guest at the White House.
Roosevelt has also been deemed the country's first environmentalist president. In 1906, he signed the National Monuments Act, protecting sites like the Grand Canyon and preserving countless wildlife sanctuaries, national forests and federal game reserves. He also made headway with the nation’s infrastructure, instigating 21 federal irrigation projects.
The presidential manse officially became called the White House when Roosevelt had the name emblazoned on his stationery.
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