An ardent Nazi, In 1943 Josef Mengele was appointed by Heinrich Himmler to be chief doctor at Birkenau, the supplementary extermination camp at Auschwitz, where he and his staff selected incoming Jews for labor or extermination and where he supervised medical experiments on inmates to discover means of increasing fertility (to increase the German “race”).


  • Name: Josef Mengele
  • Birth Year: 1911
  • Birth date: March 16, 1911
  • Birth City: Günzburg
  • Birth Country: Germany
  • Gender: Male
  • Best Known For: Josef Mengele was a Nazi doctor at Auschwitz extermination camp who selected prisoners for execution in gas chambers and led medical experiments on inmates.
  • Industries
    • Science and Medicine
  • Astrological Sign: Pisces
  • Schools
    • University of Frankfurt am Main
  • Nacionalities
    • German
  • Death Year: 1979
  • Death date: February 7, 1979
  • Death City: Enseada da Bertioga
  • Death Country: Brazil

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  • Article Title: Josef Mengele Biography
  • Author: Biography.com Editors
  • Website Name: The Biography.com website
  • Url: https://www.biography.com/scientists/josef-mengele
  • Access Date:
  • Publisher: A&E; Television Networks
  • Last Updated: September 16, 2020
  • Original Published Date: April 2, 2014