Marco Rubio Biography

U.S. Representative(1971–)
Marco Rubio was elected to the U.S. Senate representing Florida in 2010. After an unsuccessful bid for the Republican presidential nomination, he was re-elected to the Senate in 2016.

Synopsis

Born in Miami, Florida in 1971, Marco Rubio is the son of Cuban immigrants. After earning a bachelor's degree from the University of Florida in 1993, he went to the University of Miami for his law degree. Rubio's political career began with his election to the West Miami City Commission in 1998. He was elected in the Florida House of Representatives the following year. In 2009, Rubio won his campaign for the U.S. Senate. In 2015, Rubio announced his plans to run for the 2016 Republican presidential nomination. However, his campaign never picked up the momentum he had hoped for and he dropped out of the race after a disappointing defeat in his home state of Florida. He re-entered the race for his previous Senate seat and was re-elected in 2016.

Early Life

A rising star in the Republican Party, Marco Rubio scored an impressive victory when he scored a seat in the U.S. Senate in 2009. He is one of four children born to Cuban immigrants. Both of his parents worked hard to support the family. His father spent many years as a bartender and his mother held a number of service industry and retail jobs. For Rubio, he became interested in public service early on. He has told the press, "I gained an interest in politics and history from my uncle, who would read books and newspapers out loud to us."

Rubio was born in Miami in 1971. A few years later, his parents became naturalized U.S. citizens in 1975. Rubio spent part of his childhood in Las Vegas, Nevada, but he returned to Florida in the 1980s with his family. A stellar athlete, Rubio was a top football player at South Miami High School. He graduated in 1989 and earned a football scholarship to Tarkio College in Missouri. Rubio left the school after a year and eventually enrolled at the University of Florida. After completing his bachelor's degree there in 1993, he earned a law degree from the University of Miami in 1996.

Political Career

Rubio began his life in public service in 1998 by winning a seat on the West Miami City Commission. Before long, he made his ascent into state politics. Rubio was victorious in his bid for the Florida House of Representatives in 1999. He quickly established himself as a political force with the legislature, becoming the majority leader in 2003 and then speaker of the House three years later.

As the speaker, Rubio launched an ambitious campaign to generate ways to improve and reform the state government. He held a series of gatherings around the state to hear and collect ideas from Florida residents. Culling from these suggestions, Rubio put together a proposal called "100 Innovative Ideas for Florida's Future." He presented the proposal to the legislature and more than half of these ideas became laws. One of these reforms, however, didn't survive the political process. The fiscally conservative Rubio had lobbied for property tax reforms and for instituting a sales tax increase.

In 2009, Rubio surprised many in Florida politics by taking on former Florida governor and Republican Charlie Crist for the Senate seat vacated by Mel Martinez. Analysts initially viewed Rubio as the underdog, and he trailed the better-known Crist in the polls at first. But the well-spoken young politician hammered at Crist for his ties to President Barack Obama, and emphasized the state's dire need for economic change. "I'm in this race to win. Many of the things that make America unique are threatened by politicians in Washington, D.C. We're going to make irreversible decisions over the next four to six years. I want to be a part of correcting the course," he said during his campaign.

Late in the campaign, Rubio found himself retracting some of his statements about his family background. He had initially stated that his parents fled Cuba during the revolution. However, they had actually left before Fidel Castro took power. This information had little impact on his campaign. Voters seemed more taken with his pledges to curb federal spending.

With the help of Tea Party supporters, the reform-minded Rubio managed to win an impressive victory in November 2010. He defeated both Crist, who ran as an independent, and Democratic opponent Kendrick Meek. Since taking office in 2011, Rubio has become a member of several legislative committees, including the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation; and the Committee on Foreign Relations.

Less than a year after taking office, Rubio became the subject of intense political speculation. His name has been bandied about as a possible running mate for Mitt Romney in his 2012 bid for the presidency. Though Rubio has denied that he had any interest in the vice-presidential nomination, political analysts and members of the Republican Party thought he would have a good choice for the vice-presidential spot due to his representation of an important state in the national election and likely support from the Latino community.

Instead of joining the Romney campaign, Marco Rubio focused on his work in the Senate. In 2013, he was part of the “Gang of Eight”, a bi-partisan group of eight U.S. Senators who crafted a comprehensive immigration bill known as the Border Security, Economic Opportunity and Immigration Modernization Act of 2013. The bill provided a pathway to citizenship for undocumented immigrants and made the border more secure. The bill passed the Senate 62-32 but faced stiff resistance in the House. Eventually, Rubio withdrew his support for the bill citing more pressing priorities like repealing Obamacare. The House never took up the bill and it died in committee. Rubio’s participation in the formation of the immigration bill became a major issue during the 2016 Republican Presidential debates.

In 2014, in an effort to derail the Affordable Care Act, Marco Rubio supported a provision to prevent the Department of Health and Human Services from tapping into other accounts to fund the risk corridors program. The result was several small insurers went out of business and others pulled out of the health care exchanges altogether.

Rubio has also been an outspoken pro-life advocate. He introduced legislation in January 2015 to allow states to "enforce their parental notification and consent laws" when a minor travels to another state for an abortion, according to Rubio's official website. 

Presidential Ambitions

In April 2015, Rubio announced his plans to run for the 2016 Republican presidential nomination. In a speech delivered in Miami, he explained why he decided to seek the country's highest office. "We've reached a moment now, not just in my career, but the history of our country, where I believe that it needs a Republican Party that is new and vibrant, that understands the future, has an agenda for that future," Rubio said. "And I feel uniquely qualified to offer that."

In his bid for the Republican nomination, Rubio faced competition from fellow senators Ted Cruz and Rand Paul, both of whom had already announced their candidacies. He may also have battle his onetime mentor Jeb Bush. While he was brought into office with Tea Party support, he seems to have shifted to a more moderate conservative position. This may help Rubio attract more moderate Republicans to his campaign, but some wonder if it will cost him his original voter base. With a crowded field of contenders, Rubio was one of the ten top candidates who participated in a Fox News presidential debate in early August.

As his presidential campaign advanced, Rubio found himself up against real estate magnate and reality TV star Donald Trump, who had emerged as a leading candidate along with Ted Cruz. He did fare better than many of his other Republican opponents in the first contest for delegates: the Iowa Caucus. In February 2016, Cruz won the most votes and 8 delegates, but Rubio managed to come in third. He was nearly tied with Trump, winning 23.1% of the votes to Trump's 24.3%. Both Rubio and Trump won 7 delegates each.  Later that month, he received only 24% of the vote in Nevada caucuses, where he'd spent much of his childhood years. The next month, Rubio dropped out of the race after a crushing defeat in his home state by Trump, who won every county except for Miami-Dade.

After his defeat by Trump, Rubio had asserted that he would not seek re-election for his Senate seat and would be taking a break from politics. In June 2016, however, Rubio announced that he would run for a second Senate term. In November 2016, Rubio defeated his Democratic opponent, Representative Patrick Murphy, and won re-election in the Senate race. 

Personal Life

Rubio and his wife, Jeanette, live in West Miami with their four children: Amanda, Daniella, Anthony and Dominic. The couple has been married since 1998. Outside of politics, Rubio is known for his passion for football. He is a die-hard Miami Dolphins fan and his wife was once a cheerleader for the team.

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