Dianne Feinstein

Dianne Feinstein Biography.com

Mayor, U.S. Representative(1933–)
Dianne Feinstein is a United States senator from California and a former mayor of San Francisco.

Synopsis

Born in 1933 in San Francisco, Dianne Feinstein is a left-leaning politician who has dedicated her life to serving the people of California, first on the local level and later on the national one. Becoming acting mayor of San Francisco when the sitting mayor was shot and killed in 1978, she ran for the job the following year and won, holding the post until 1988. In 1990, she ran for governor of California but lost. In 1992, however, she became the first woman elected U.S. senator from California, a seat she has held ever since.

Early Years

Dianne Feinstein was born in San Francisco, California, on June 22, 1933. Born into a Jewish family, she attended a Roman Catholic school and a Jewish temple as a child, and began showing an interest in politics around age 16. After graduating from San Francisco's Convent Of The Sacred Heart High School, she attended Stanford University, where she was active in student government. She graduated with her bachelor's degree in 1955.

The following year, Feinstein married Jack Berman, whom she met in the San Francisco district attorney's office, and later had a daughter. In 1959, she and Berman divorced, and the next year Feinstein was appointed by Governor Pat Brown to the state's Women's Board of Parole (becoming the youngest member in the nation). In 1960, she married Bertram Feinstein, a noted surgeon.

Entering the Public Sphere

Feinstein held her Board of Parole spot until 1966, and in 1968 she became a member of the San Francisco Committee on Crime, an appointment that would color the rest of her career. The following year, Feinstein entered her first political race and was elected to the San Francisco Board of Supervisors, eventually becoming the first woman ever to serve as the board's president, a position she held for two and a half terms. She also ran for mayor twice during this period (1971, 1975), losing both times.

The year 1978 was a tragic one for Feinstein. It marked the end of her second marriage, due to her husband's untimely death, and the end of her tenure as board president, when Mayor George Moscone and Supervisor Harvey Milk when both assassinated in November. Feinstein first became acting mayor (San Francisco's first female mayor), then was elected the following year and remained mayor until 1988. In 1980, Feinstein married for a third time, to investment banker Richard Blum.

U.S. Senate

After a failed 1990 attempt to win the California governorship, Feinstein regrouped and ran in a special election for a seat in the U.S. Senate in 1992. She won, becoming California's senior senator, and was re-elected in 1994, 2000, 2006 and 2012. Her first term as California's first female senator was a busy and productive one, as she co-authored the Gun Free Schools Act and the Hate Crimes Sentencing Enhancement Act, both signed into law in 1994. That same year, Feinstein also spearheaded legislation banning the manufacture, sale and possession of military-style assault weapons, which was signed into law on September 13, 1994.

Feinstein was the first woman member of the Senate Judiciary Committee and the first woman to chair the Senate Rules and Administration Committee.

With her nose always to the political grindstone, Feinstein authored and saw signed into law the Comprehensive Methamphetamine Control Act of 1996 and introduced the Federal Gang Violence Act, which passed as part of the 1997 Juvenile Justice bill (but was not acted on by the House of Representatives). An untiring champion of the political left, she also has been involved with launching and supporting the Crime Victims' Bill of Rights, the California Desert Protection Act, the Small Business Defense Conversion Guarantee Act and legislation to create the Breast Cancer Research Stamp.

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