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Playwright August Wilson won two Pulitzer Prizes for his plays Fences (1987) and The Piano Lesson (1990).
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Born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, on April 27, 1945, August Wilson grew up in Pittsburgh's Hill District. After leaving school at 15, Wilson joined the black aesthetic movement of the 1960s and became co-founder of the Black Horizons Theater. Two titles in his 10-play series, The Pittsburgh Cycle, won Pulitzer Prizes: Fences (1987) and The Piano Lesson (1990). Wilson's plays explore African-American life throughout the 20th century.
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They are the famous African-American writers who have fearlessly examined cultural stigmas, provided intimate life details, presented new ideas and created remarkable fiction through literary works. For their prophetic genius, these men and women have received Pulitzer Prizes, NAACP awards and even Nobel Prizes, among other honors. Our list of prominent African-American authors includes Toni Morrison, who has detailed the lives of black characters who struggle with identity amidst racism and hostility; Langston Hughes, a founder of the Harlem Renaissance; and Maya Angelou, who has eloquently chronicled various eras of her life through her autobiographies.
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