- NAME: Anne Frank
- OCCUPATION: Journalist
- BIRTH DATE: June 12, 1929
- DEATH DATE: March 1945
- Did You Know?: Through a 2009 effort by the Anne Frank Center USA, saplings from a chestnut tree that Anne Frank loved were planted at 11 sites nationwide.
- Did You Know?: Published in 1947, Anne Frank's Diary of a Young Girl has since been translated in 67 languages.
- EDUCATION: Sixth Montessori School
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Frankfurt, Germany
- PLACE OF DEATH: Lower Saxony, Germany
- Full Name: Annelies Marie Frank
- AKA: Anne Frank
- AKA: Annelies Frank
Best Known For
Anne Frank was a teen writer who went into hiding during the Holocaust, journaling her experiences in the renowned work The Diary of Anne Frank.
The Anne Frank Center USA (1:28)
Anne Frank - The Diary (2:43)
Anne Frank - Legacy (2:20)
Dr. Robert Levin & Yvonne Simons of the Anne Frank Center USA discuss The Sapling Project which plants cuttings from the tree that once stood in Anne Frank's backyard across the world. Images © AFF Basel/AFS Amsterdam, all rights reserved.
Dr. Robert Levin, Director of Education, Anne Frank Center USA, and Executive Director Yvonne Simons discuss the center’s mission to educate about the life and legacy of Anne Frank. Images © AFF Basel/AFS Amsterdam, all rights reserved.
Dr. Robert Levin, Director of Education for the Anne Frank Center USA, discusses the diary of Anne Frank. Images © AFF Basel/AFS Amsterdam, all rights reserved.
Dr. Robert Levin of the Anne Frank Center USA discusses the legacy of Anne Frank. Images © AFF Basel/AFS Amsterdam, all rights reserved.
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This was the last time that Otto Frank ever saw his wife or daughters.
After several months of hard labor hauling heavy stones and grass mats, Anne and Margot were again transferred during the winter to the Bergen-Belsen concentration camp in Germany. Their mother was not allowed to go with them, and Edith Frank fell ill and died at Auschwitz shortly thereafter, on January 6, 1945.
At Bergen-Belsen, food was scarce,
sanitation was awful and disease ran rampant. Frank and her sister both came down with typhus in the early spring and died within a day of each other sometime in March 1945, only a few weeks before Russian soldiers liberated the camp. Anne Frank was just 15 years old at the time of her death, one of more than 1 million Jewish children who died in the Holocaust.
Otto Frank was the only member of his immediate family to survive. At the end of the war, he returned home to Amsterdam, searching desperately for news of his family. On July 18, 1945, he met two sisters who had been with Anne and Margot at Bergen-Belsen and delivered the tragic news of their deaths.
When Otto returned to Amsterdam, he found Anne's diary, which had been saved by Miep Gies. He eventually gathered the strength to read it and was awestruck by what he discovered. "There was revealed a completely different Anne to the child that I had lost," Otto wrote in a letter to his mother. "I had no idea of the depths of her thoughts and feelings."
Otto sought to have selections from his daughter's diary published as a book, and The Secret Annex: Diary Letters from June 14, 1942 to August 1, 1944 was published on June 25, 1947. "If she had been here, Anne would have been so proud," he said. The Diary of a Young Girl, as it's typically called in English, has since been published in 67 languages. Countless editions, as well as screen and stage adaptations, of the work have been created around the world. The Diary of a Young Girl remains one of the most moving and widely read firsthand accounts of the Jewish experience during the Holocaust.
Anne Frank's diary endures, not only because of the remarkable events she described, but due to her extraordinary gifts as a storyteller and her indefatigable spirit through even the most horrific of circumstances. For all its passages of despair, Frank's diary is essentially a story of faith, hope and love in the face of hate. "It's utterly impossible for me to build my life on a foundation of chaos, suffering and death," she wrote on July 15, 1944. "I see the world being slowly transformed into a wilderness; I hear the approaching thunder that, one day, will destroy us too. I feel the suffering of millions. And yet, when I look up at the sky, I somehow feel that everything will change for the better, that this cruelty too shall end, that peace and tranquility will return once more."
In 2009, the Anne Frank Center USA launched a national initiative called the Sapling Project, planting saplings from a 170-year-old chestnut tree that Anne had long loved (as denoted in her diary) at 11 different sites nationwide. In more recent news, the Anne Frank House lost a lawsuit to the Anne Frank Fonds in June 2013, after the Fonds sued the House for the return of documents linked to Anne and Otto Frank.
© 2014 A+E Networks. All rights reserved.
© 2014 A+E Networks. All rights reserved.
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