- NAME: Anne Frank
- OCCUPATION: Journalist
- BIRTH DATE: June 12, 1929
- DEATH DATE: March 1945
- Did You Know?: Through a 2009 effort by the Anne Frank Center USA, saplings from a chestnut tree that Anne Frank loved were planted at 11 sites nationwide.
- Did You Know?: Published in 1947, Anne Frank's Diary of a Young Girl has since been translated in 67 languages.
- EDUCATION: Sixth Montessori School
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Frankfurt, Germany
- PLACE OF DEATH: Lower Saxony, Germany
- Full Name: Annelies Marie Frank
- AKA: Anne Frank
- AKA: Annelies Frank
Best Known For
Anne Frank was a teen writer who went into hiding during the Holocaust, journaling her experiences in the renowned work The Diary of Anne Frank.
The Anne Frank Center USA (1:28)
Anne Frank - The Diary (2:43)
Anne Frank - Legacy (2:20)
Dr. Robert Levin & Yvonne Simons of the Anne Frank Center USA discuss The Sapling Project which plants cuttings from the tree that once stood in Anne Frank's backyard across the world. Images © AFF Basel/AFS Amsterdam, all rights reserved.
Dr. Robert Levin, Director of Education, Anne Frank Center USA, and Executive Director Yvonne Simons discuss the center’s mission to educate about the life and legacy of Anne Frank. Images © AFF Basel/AFS Amsterdam, all rights reserved.
Dr. Robert Levin, Director of Education for the Anne Frank Center USA, discusses the diary of Anne Frank. Images © AFF Basel/AFS Amsterdam, all rights reserved.
Dr. Robert Levin of the Anne Frank Center USA discusses the legacy of Anne Frank. Images © AFF Basel/AFS Amsterdam, all rights reserved.
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Born on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany, Anne Frank lived in Amsterdam with her family during World War II. Fleeing Nazi persecution of Jews, the family went into hiding for two years; during this time, Frank wrote about her experiences and wishes. She was 15 when the family was found and sent to the camps, where she died. Her work, The Diary of Anne Frank, has gone on to be read by millions.
"It's utterly impossible for me to build my life on a foundation of chaos, suffering and death. I see the world being slowly transformed into a wilderness; I hear the approaching thunder that, one day, will destroy us too. I feel the suffering of millions. And yet, when I look up at the sky, I somehow feel that everything will change for the better, that this cruelty too shall end, that peace and tranquility will return once more."
"When I write, I can shake off all my cares."
"Despite everything, I believe that people are really good at heart."
"Think of all the beauty still left around you and be happy."
"A quiet concsiense makes one strong!"
"Although I'm only 14, I know quite well what I want. I know who is right and who is wrong. I have my opinions, my own ideas and principles, and although it might sound pretty mad from an adolescent, I feel more of a person than a child, I feel quite independent of anyone."
"As long as this exists, this sunshine and this cloudless sky, and as long as I can enjoy it, how can I be sad?"
"The world will keep on turning without me, and I can't do anything to change events anyway."
"The weak die out, and the strong will survive, and live on forever."
"In the long run, the sharpest weapon of all is a kind and gentle spirit."
"People can tell you to keep your mouth shut but that doesn't stop you from having your own opinion."
"Whoever is happy will make others happy."
"No one has ever become poor by giving."
"I don't think of all the misery, but the beauty that still remains."
"It's really a wonder that I haven't dropped all my ideals, because they seem so absurd and impossible to carry out. Yet I keep them, because in spite of everything, I still believe that people are really good at heart."
"After May 1940, the good times were few and far between; first there was the war, then the capitulation and then the arrival of the Germans, which is when the trouble started for the Jews."
"Because we're Jewish, my father immigrated to Holland in 1933, where he became the managing director of the Dutch Opekta Company, which manufactures products used in making jam."
Holocaust victim and famous diarist Anne Frank was born Annelies Marie Frank on June 12, 1929, in Frankfurt, Germany. Her mother was Edith Frank, and her father, Otto Frank, was a lieutenant in the German army during World War I, later becoming a businessman in Germany and the Netherlands. Frank also had a sister named Margot who was three years her senior.
The Franks were a typical upper middle-class German-Jewish family living in a quiet, religiously diverse neighborhood near the outskirts of Frankfurt. However, Frank was born on the eve of dramatic changes in German society that would soon disrupt her family's happy, tranquil life as well as the lives of all other German Jews.
Due in large part to the harsh sanctions imposed on Germany by the 1919 Treaty of Versailles that ended World War I, the German economy struggled terribly in the 1920s. During the late 1920s and early 1930s, the virulently anti-Semitic National German Socialist Workers Party (Nazi Party) led by Adolph Hitler became Germany's leading political force, winning control of the government in 1933.
"I can remember that as early as 1932, groups of Storm Troopers came marching by, singing, 'When Jewish blood splatters from the knife,'" Otto Frank later recalled. When Hitler became chancellor of Germany on January 20, 1933, the Frank family immediately realized that it was time to flee. Otto later said, "Though this did hurt me deeply, I realized that Germany was not the world, and I left my country forever."
The Franks moved to Amsterdam, Netherlands, in the fall of 1933. Anne Frank described the circumstances of her family's emigration years later in her diary: "Because we're Jewish, my father immigrated to Holland in 1933, where he became the managing director of the Dutch Opekta Company, which manufactures products used in making jam." After years of enduring anti-Semitism in Germany, the Franks were relieved to once again enjoy freedom in their new hometown of Amsterdam. "In those days, it was possible for us to start over and to feel free," Otto recalled.
Anne Frank began attending Amsterdam's Sixth Montessori School in 1934, and throughout the rest of the 1930s, she lived a relatively happy and normal childhood. Frank had many friends, Dutch and German, Jewish and Christian, and she was a bright and inquisitive student.
But that would all change on September 1, 1939, when Nazi Germany invaded Poland, igniting a global conflict that would grow to become World War II. On May 10, 1940, the German army invaded the Netherlands, defeating overmatched Dutch forces after just a few days of fighting.
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