Oliver Cromwell was born on April 25, 1599, in Huntingdon, England. He was elected to Short and Long Parliaments of 1640 and became known as a radical Puritan. During the English Civil Wars he served as a general on the parliamentarian side. From 1653 to 1658, he served as lord protector of England, Wales, Scotland, and Ireland. He died on September 3, 1659, in London.
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