- NAME: Susan B. Anthony
- OCCUPATION: Civil Rights Activist, Women's Rights Activist, Editor, Publisher, Journalist
- BIRTH DATE: February 15, 1820
- DEATH DATE: March 13, 1906
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Adams, Massachusetts
- PLACE OF DEATH: Rochester, New York
- Full Name: Susan Brownell Anthony
- AKA: Susan Anthony
- AKA: Susan B. Anthony
Best Known For
Susan B. Anthony was a prominent American civil rights activist and leader during the women's suffrage movement of the 1800s.
Susan B. Anthony - A Legend (2:20)
Susan B. Anthony was a prominent women's rights activist in 19th century America who initiated the women's suffrage movement. She was active in the anti-slavery movement before the Civil War.
As a young child, Susan B. Anthony learned the underlying lessons of her family's Quaker beliefs, which were that men and women are equal. However, she found it difficult to convince the rest of the world to share those beliefs.
By the age of 80, Susan B. Anthony had met with the Queen of England, visited the White House many times, and spoke all over the country--yet she still did not have the right to vote.
When Susan B. Anthony combined forces with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, they were unstoppable.
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In 1869, Anthony and Stanton founded the National Woman Suffrage Association. Anthony was tireless in her efforts, giving speeches around the country to convince others to support a woman's right to vote. She even took matters into her own hands in 1872, when she voted illegally in the presidential election. Anthony was arrested for the crime, and she unsuccessfully fought the charges; she was fined $100, which she never paid.
In the early 1880s,
Anthony published the first volume of History of Woman Suffrage—a project that she co-edited with Stanton, Ida Husted Harper and Matilda Joslin Gage. Several more volumes would follow. Anthony also helped Harper to record her own story, which resulted in the 1898 work The Life and Work of Susan B. Anthony: A Story of the Evolution of the Status of Women.
Even in her later years, Anthony never gave up on her fight for women's suffrage. In 1905, she met with President Theodore Roosevelt in Washington, D.C., to lobby for an amendment to give women the right to vote. Anthony died the following year, on March 13, 1906, at the age of 86, at her home in Rochester, New York. According to her obituary in The New York Times, shortly before her death, Anthony told friend Anna Shaw, "To think I have had more than 60 years of hard struggle for a little liberty, and then to die without it seems so cruel."
It wouldn't be until 14 years after Anthony's death—in 1920—that the 19th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution, giving all adult women the right to vote, was passed. In recognition of her dedication and hard work, the U.S. Treasury Department put Anthony's portrait on dollar coins in 1979, making her the first woman to be so honored.
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