- NAME: Susan B. Anthony
- OCCUPATION: Civil Rights Activist, Women's Rights Activist, Editor, Publisher, Journalist
- BIRTH DATE: February 15, 1820
- DEATH DATE: March 13, 1906
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Adams, Massachusetts
- PLACE OF DEATH: Rochester, New York
- Full Name: Susan Brownell Anthony
- AKA: Susan Anthony
- AKA: Susan B. Anthony
Best Known For
Susan B. Anthony was a suffragist, abolitionist, author and speaker who was the president of the National American Woman Suffrage Association.
Susan B. Anthony - A Legend (2:20)
Susan B. Anthony was a prominent women's rights activist in 19th century America who initiated the women's suffrage movement. She was active in the anti-slavery movement before the Civil War.
As a young child, Susan B. Anthony learned the underlying lessons of her family's Quaker beliefs, which were that men and women are equal. However, she found it difficult to convince the rest of the world to share those beliefs.
By the age of 80, Susan B. Anthony had met with the Queen of England, visited the White House many times, and spoke all over the country--yet she still did not have the right to vote.
When Susan B. Anthony combined forces with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, they were unstoppable.
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Born on February 15, 1820, Susan B. Anthony was raised in a Quaker household and went on to work as a teacher before becoming a leading figure in the abolitionist and women's voting rights movement. She partnered with Elizabeth Cady Stanton and would eventually lead the National American Woman Suffrage Association. A dedicated writer and lecturer, Anthony died on March 13 1906.
"I do not demand equal pay for any women save those who do equal work in value. Scorn to be coddled by your employers; make them understand that you are in their service as workers, not as women."
"I have given my life and all I am to it, and now I want my last act to be to give it all I have, to the last cent."
"Woman must have a purse of her own, and how can this be, so long as the wife is denied the right to her individual and joint earnings."
"Here, in the first paragraph of the Declaration, is the assertion of the natural right of all to the ballot; for how can "the consent of the governed" be given, if the right to vote be denied?"
"I distrust those people who know so well what God wants them to do to their fellows, because it always coincides with their own desires."
"Are you going to cater to the whims and prejudices of people who have no intelligent knowledge of what they condemn?"
"What you should do is to say to outsiders that a Christian has neither more nor less rights in our association than an atheist."
"When our platform becomes too narrow for people of all creeds and of no creeds, I myself shall not stand upon it."
"You would better educate ten women into the practice of liberal principles than to organize a thousand on a platform of intolerance and bigotry."
"It was we, the people, not we, the white male citizens, nor yet we, the male citizens; but we, the whole people, who formed this Union."
"The work of woman is not to lessen the severity or the certainty of the penalty for the violation of the moral law, but to prevent this violation by the removal of the causes which lead to it."
"Whoever controls work and wages, controls morals."
"Oh, if I could but live another century and see the fruition of all the work for women! There is so much yet to be done."
"To think I have had more than 60 years of hard struggle for a little liberty, and then to die without it seems so cruel."
Born Susan Brownell Anthony on February 15, 1820, in Adams, Massachusetts, Susan B. Anthony grew up in a Quaker family. She developed a strong moral compass early on, and spent much of her life working on social causes. Anthony was the second oldest of eight children to a local cotton mill owner and his wife. The family moved to Battenville, New York, in 1826. Around this time, Anthony was sent to study at a Quaker school near Philadelphia.
After her father's business failed in the late 1830s, Anthony returned home to help her family make ends meet, and found work as a teacher. The Anthonys moved to a farm in the Rochester, New York area, in the mid-1840s. There, they became involved in the fight to end slavery, also known as the abolitionist movement. The Anthonys' farm served as a meeting place for such famed abolitionists as Frederick Douglass. Around this time, Anthony became the head of the girls' department at Canajoharie Academy—a post she held for two years.
Leaving the Canajoharie Academy in 1849, Anthony soon devoted more of her time to social issues. In 1851, she attended an anti-slavery conference, where she met Elizabeth Cady Stanton. She was also involved in the temperance movement, aimed at limiting or completely stopping the production and sale of alcohol. She was inspired to fight for women's rights while campaigning against alcohol. Anthony was denied a chance to speak at a temperance convention because she was a woman, and later realized that no one would take women in politics seriously unless they had the right to vote.
Anthony and Stanton established the Women's New York State Temperance Society in 1852. Before long, the pair were also fighting for women's rights. They formed the New York State Woman's Rights Committee. Anthony also started up petitions for women to have the right to own property and to vote. She traveled extensively, campaigning on the behalf of women.
In 1856, Anthony began working as an agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society. She spent years promoting the society's cause up until the Civil War.
After the Civil War, Anthony began focus more on women's rights. She helped establish the American Equal Rights Association in 1866 with Stanton, calling for the same rights to be granted to all regardless of race or sex. Anthony and Stanton created and produced The Revolution, a weekly publication that lobbied for women's rights in 1868. The newspaper's motto was "Men their rights, and nothing more; women their rights, and nothing less."
In 1869, Anthony and Stanton founded the National Woman Suffrage Association.
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