- NAME: Susan B. Anthony
- OCCUPATION: Civil Rights Activist, Women's Rights Activist, Editor, Publisher, Journalist
- BIRTH DATE: February 15, 1820
- DEATH DATE: March 13, 1906
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Adams, Massachusetts
- PLACE OF DEATH: Rochester, New York
- Full Name: Susan Brownell Anthony
- AKA: Susan Anthony
- AKA: Susan B. Anthony
Best Known For
Susan B. Anthony was a prominent American civil rights activist and leader during the women's suffrage movement of the 1800s.
Susan B. Anthony - A Legend (2:20)
Susan B. Anthony was a prominent women's rights activist in 19th century America who initiated the women's suffrage movement. She was active in the anti-slavery movement before the Civil War.
As a young child, Susan B. Anthony learned the underlying lessons of her family's Quaker beliefs, which were that men and women are equal. However, she found it difficult to convince the rest of the world to share those beliefs.
By the age of 80, Susan B. Anthony had met with the Queen of England, visited the White House many times, and spoke all over the country--yet she still did not have the right to vote.
When Susan B. Anthony combined forces with Elizabeth Cady Stanton, they were unstoppable.
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Born in Massachusetts in 1820, Susan B. Anthony was a prominent civil rights leader during the women's suffrage movement of the 1800s. She had become involved in the anti-slavery movement, and it was in doing that work that she encountered gender inequality. With Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Anthony began working to establish women's right to vote. She also created a weekly paper called Revolution, co-founded the National Woman Suffrage Association,
"Oh, if I could but live another century and see the fruition of all the work for women! There is so much yet to be done."
"To think I have had more than 60 years of hard struggle for a little liberty, and then to die without it seems so cruel."
and gave many lectures in the United States and in Europe.
Born Susan Brownell Anthony on February 15, 1820, in Adams, Massachusetts, Susan B. Anthony grew up in a Quaker family. She developed a strong moral compass early on, and spent much of her life working on social causes. Anthony was the second oldest of eight children to a local cotton mill owner and his wife. The family moved to Battenville, New York, in 1826. Around this time, Anthony was sent to study at a Quaker school near Philadelphia.
After her father's business failed in the late 1830s, Anthony returned home to help her family make ends meet, and found work as a teacher. The Anthonys moved to a farm in the Rochester, New York area, in the mid-1840s. There, they became involved in the fight to end slavery, also known as the abolitionist movement. The Anthonys' farm served as a meeting place for such famed abolitionists as Frederick Douglass. Around this time, Anthony became the head of the girls' department at Canajoharie Academy—a post she held for two years.
Leaving the Canajoharie Academy in 1849, Anthony soon devoted more of her time to social issues. In 1851, she attended an anti-slavery conference, where she met Elizabeth Cady Stanton. She was also involved in the temperance movement, aimed at limiting or completely stopping the production and sale of alcohol. She was inspired to fight for women's rights while campaigning against alcohol. Anthony was denied a chance to speak at a temperance convention because she was a woman, and later realized that no one would take women in politics seriously unless they had the right to vote.
Anthony and Stanton established the Women's New York State Temperance Society in 1852. Before long, the pair were also fighting for women's rights. They formed the New York State Woman's Rights Committee. Anthony also started up petitions for women to have the right to own property and to vote. She traveled extensively, campaigning on the behalf of women.
In 1856, Anthony began working as an agent for the American Anti-Slavery Society. She spent years promoting the society's cause up until the Civil War.
After the Civil War, Anthony began focus more on women's rights. She helped establish the American Equal Rights Association in 1866 with Stanton, calling for the same rights to be granted to all regardless of race or sex. Anthony and Stanton created and produced The Revolution, a weekly publication that lobbied for women's rights in 1868. The newspaper's motto was "Men their rights, and nothing more; women their rights, and nothing less."
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