- NAME: Mahatma Gandhi
- OCCUPATION: Anti-War Activist
- BIRTH DATE: October 02, 1869
- DEATH DATE: January 30, 1948
- EDUCATION: Samaldas College at Bhavnagar, Gujarat, University College London
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Porbandar, Kathiawar, India
- PLACE OF DEATH: New Delhi, India
- Full Name: Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
- AKA: Mahatma Gandhi
- AKA: Mohandas Gandhi
- AKA: Gandhi
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Mahatmas Gandhi was the primary leader of India's independence movement and also the architect of a form of civil disobedience that would influence the world.
Discover some of Mahatma Gandhi's most famous quotes.
Mahatma Gandhi was known for leading India in their independence from the British. Learn about his fight for freedom through nonviolent actions.
A man who changed the course of the future of India with his ideas of non violence and political and religious peace was unfortunately shot in his prime.
India's first female prime minister led the nation for 15 years only to be shot down by her own bodyguards.
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Born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, India, Mahatma Gandhi studied law and came to advocate for the rights of Indians, both at home and in South Africa. Gandhi became a leader of India's independence movement, organizing boycotts against British institutions in peaceful forms of civil disobedience. He was killed by a fanatic in 1948.
"An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind."
"Victory attained by violence is tantamount to a defeat, for it is momentary."
"Religions are different roads converging to the same point. What does it matter that we take different roads, so long as we reach the same goal? In reality, there are as many religions as there are individuals."
"The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong."
"To call woman the weaker sex is a libel; it is man's injustice to woman."
"Truth alone will endure, all the rest will be swept away before the tide of time."
"A man is but the product of his thoughts. What he thinks, he becomes."
"There are many things to do. Let each one of us choose our task and stick to it through thick and thin. Let us not think of the vastness. But let us pick up that portion which we can handle best."
"An error does not become truth by reason of multiplied propagation, nor does truth become error because nobody sees it."
"For one man cannot do right in one department of life whilst he is occupied in doing wrong in any other department. Life is one indivisible whole."
"If we are to reach real peace in this world and if we are to carry on a real war against war, we shall have to begin with children."
Indian nationalist leader Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, more commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi, was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Kathiawar, India. He studied law in London, England, but in 1893 went to South Africa, where he spent 20 years opposing discriminatory legislation against Indians. As a pioneer of Satyagraha, or resistance through mass non-violent civil disobedience, he became one of the major political and spiritual leaders of his time. Satyagraha remains one of the most potent philosophies in freedom struggles throughout the world today.
In 1914, Gandhi returned to India, where he supported the Home Rule movement, and became leader of the Indian National Congress, advocating a policy of non-violent non-co-operation to achieve independence. His goal was to help poor farmers and laborers protest oppressive taxation and discrimination. He struggled to alleviate poverty, liberate women and put an end to caste discrimination, with the ultimate objective being self-rule for India.
Following his civil disobedience campaign (1919-22), he was jailed for conspiracy (1922-24). In 1930, he led a landmark 320 km/200 mi march to the sea to collect salt in symbolic defiance of the government monopoly. On his release from prison (1931), he attended the London Round Table Conference on Indian constitutional reform. In 1946, he negotiated with the Cabinet Mission which recommended the new constitutional structure. After independence (1947), he tried to stop the Hindu-Muslim conflict in Bengal, a policy which led to his assassination in Delhi by Nathuram Godse, a Hindu fanatic.
Even after his death, Gandhi's commitment to non-violence and his belief in simple living—making his own clothes, eating a vegetarian diet and using fasts for self-purification as well as a means of protest—have been a beacon of hope for oppressed and marginalized people throughout the world.
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