In the 1940s and 1950s, the United States was in the grips of a "red scare." Many prominent individuals suspected of sympathizing with liberal or humanitarian causes were branded a communist threat, and even accused of espionage. Hollywood was a major focus of the accusations, and after 10 actors refused to testify in front of the House Committee on Un-American Activities, the blacklist was created. Hundreds of actors, actresses, directors, screenwriters and other entertainment professionals were barred from working. Here are some of the famous people who were on the Hollywood blacklist.
Civil Rights Activist, Actress, Dancer, Pin-up, Singer / 1917 - 2010
Actress and singer Lena Horne was one of the most popular performers of her time, known for films such as The Wiz and her trademark song, "Stormy Weather."
Civil Rights Activist, Actor, Football Player, Lawyer, Singer / 1898 - 1976
Paul Robeson was an acclaimed 20th century performer known for productions like The Emperor Jones and Othello. He was also an international activist.
J. Robert Oppenheimer
Academic, Engineer, Physicist / 1904 - 1967
J. Robert Oppenheimer is often called the "father of the atomic bomb" for leading the Manhattan Project, the program that developed the first nuclear weapon during World War II.
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profile name: Charlie Chaplin profile occupation: Comedian
profile id: 38276
profile name: Lillian Hellman profile occupation: Editor, Playwright, Screenwriter
profile id: 9460451
profile name: Paul Robeson profile occupation: Civil Rights Activist, Actor, Football Player, Lawyer, Singer
profile id: 9344086
profile name: Lena Horne profile occupation: Civil Rights Activist, Actress, Dancer, Pin-up, Singer
profile id: 9527363
profile name: Orson Welles profile occupation: Film Actor, Director
profile id: 9429168
profile name: J. Robert Oppenheimer profile occupation: Academic, Engineer, Physicist
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They are the famous African-American artists who have exquisitely shared portrayals of historic events and individuals, cultural perspectives, and the experiences and struggles of minorities through their artwork. Examine our list of pivotal black artists, including Jean-Michel Basquiat, who helped to bring African-American and Latino experiences into the elite art world through his graffiti works; Augusta Savage, a sculptor and leading artist of the Harlem Renaissance, who experienced racial discrimination by an art program's selection committee; and Kara Walker, who has used paper silhouettes to depict race and gender relations.
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