- NAME: Fannie Lou Hamer
- OCCUPATION: Civil Rights Activist, Philanthropist
- BIRTH DATE: October 06, 1917
- DEATH DATE: March 14, 1977
- Did You Know?: Fannie Lou Hamer was the youngest of 20 children.
- Did You Know?: Fannie Lou Hamer was unable to have children after having a surgery to remove a tumor, and being given a hysterectomy without her consent.
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Montgomery County, Mississippi
- PLACE OF DEATH: Mound Bayou, Mississippi
- Maiden Name: Fannie Lou Townsend
- Full Name: Fannie Lou Hamer
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Fannie Lou Hamer was a civil rights activist who helped African Americans register to vote and who co-founded the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party.
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The following year, Hamer ran for Congress in Mississippi, but was unsuccessful in her bid.
Along with her political activism, Hamer worked to help the poor and families in need in her Mississippi community. She also set up organizations to increase business opportunities for minorities and to provide childcare and other family services. She helped establish the National Women's Political Caucus in 1971.
In 1976, Hamer was diagnosed with breast cancer. She continued to fight for civil rights, despite her illness. Hamer died on March 14, 1977, in a hospital in Mound Bayou, Mississippi. Hundreds crowded into a Ruleville church to say good-bye to this tireless champion for racial equality. Andrew Young Jr., then a U.S. delegate to the United Nations, gave the eulogy at Hamer's funeral. He explained, "None of us would be where we are today had she not been here then," according to The New York Times. Young said that the progress of the Civil Rights Movement had been made through "the sweat and blood" of activists like Hamer. On her tombstone is written one of her most famous quotes: "I am sick and tired of being sick and tired."
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