Virginia Apgar Biography

Doctor, Medical Professional, Scholar (1909–1974)
Virginia Apgar was a physician and medical researcher who developed the Apgar Scoring System, which measures newborn well-being.


Virginia Apgar developed a simple system (1952) for quickly evaluating the condition and viability of newborns. The Apgar Score System relies on five simple observations to be made by delivery room personnel of the infant within one minute of birth and periodically thereafter. The Apgar Score System soon came into general use throughout the United States and was adopted by several other countries.

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