Born on February 18, 1859, in Pereyaslav, Russia, Sholem Aleichem (an alias meaning "Peace be unto you") was a famed writer in Russian, Hebrew and Yiddish. In the latter language, Alecheim produced many works, including The Yiddish Folk Library. His work Tevya the Dairyman became the basis for the musical Fiddler on the Roof. An international figure known for his wit, he died on May 13, 1916.
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