Rube Goldberg was an American cartoonist whose work mocked America's fixation on technology. After receiving a degree from the University of California in 1904 he took a job designing sewer pipes for the San Francisco Sewer Department. A few months later he became a sportswriter and cartoonist for the San Francisco Chronicle and the San Francisco Bulletin. He also briefly worked for the New York Evening Mail, creating three long-running comic strips. His most popular drawings depicted complex gadgets that performed even the simplest tasks in convoluted, elaborate ways, known as Rube Goldberg machines. In 1948 he was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for his editorial cartoon, "Peace Today," which conveyed a warning against atomic weapons.
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