Born on December 13, 1835, in Boston, Massachusetts, clergyman Phillips Brooks was ordained as an Episcopal priest in 1860. During the American Civil War, he upheld the cause of the North and opposed slavery, fighting for the rights of freed slaves to vote. He helped to design the Trinity Church building, which today stands in Boston's Back Bay. In 1877, Brooks published a course of lectures on preaching for Yale's theological school. He also authored the Christmas carol "O Little Town of Bethlehem." He died in Boston on January 23, 1893.
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