Born on December 10, 1822, in Obertse, Russia, Nikolay Danilevsky became a well-known naturalist and historical philosopher. He believed that a series of civilizations created history. His 1869 book, Russia and Europe, encouraged Russia to establish political absolutism and a cultural identity independent from the West. He died in what is now Tbilisi, Georgia, on November 19, 1885.
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