Born on November 6, 1856, in St. Petersburg, Russia, Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich was the nephew of Tzar Alexander II. Trained as a soldier, he was appointed commander in chief of Tzar Nicholas II's army when World War I began. Despite early success, the army was hampered by shortages. The Russian Revolution of 1917 overthrew the monarchy and, subsequently, forced Nicholas out of the country. Nicholas died in Antibes, France on January 5, 1929.
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