Nicholas Nikolaevich Biography

Military Leader (1856–1929)
Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich of Russia was commander in chief of Tzar Nicholas II's army during WWI. The Russian Revolution ended his career.


Born on November 6, 1856, in St. Petersburg, Russia, Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich was the nephew of Tzar Alexander II. Trained as a soldier, he was appointed commander in chief of Tzar Nicholas II's army when World War I began. Despite early success, the army was hampered by shortages. The Russian Revolution of 1917 overthrew the monarchy and, subsequently, forced Nicholas out of the country. Nicholas died in Antibes, France on January 5, 1929.

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