Mohammad Reza Pahlavi was born on October 26, 1919 in Tehrn, Iran. He was the shah of Iran from 1941 to 1979. He maintained a pro-Western foreign policy and fostered economic development in Iran but corruption in his government, unequal distribution of oil wealth and political turmoil resulted in his exile to Egypt followed by the declaration of an Islamic republic in Iran. He died in 1980.
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