Mikhail Bakhtin was born on November 17, 1895 in Orel, Russia. Literary theorist and philosopher of language, Bakhtin's work frequently offended the Soviet authorities. In 1929 he was exiled from Vitsyebsk to Kazakhstan. Known for Problems of Dostoevsky's Poetics, his ideas influenced Western thinking in cultural history, linguistics, literary theory, and aesthetics. Bakhtin died in 1975.
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