Kirkpatrick Macmillan Biography

Inventor (c. 1812–c. 1878)
Kirkpatrick Macmillan is best known for inventing the first pedal bicycle.


Born on September 2, 1812, in Keir Mill, Thornhill, Scotland, Kirkpatrick Macmillan was a blacksmith who, in 1837, built a "dandy" horse—a kind of bicycle on which the rider pushes himself along with his feet. Three years later, Macmillan had applied a crank to his machine, making the world's first pedal cycle. The machine also included a wooden frame and iron-tired wheels. Macmillan's invention was never patented, and for many years it was credited to one of his imitators, Gavin Dalzell. Macmillan died in his hometown on January 26, 1878.

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