José María Velasco Ibarra was elected president of Ecuador in 1933. He was deposed in 1935 and went into exile until 1944, when he returned to take over the presidency from Carlos Arroyo. He was forced into exile in 1947. He returned and was elected president in 1952. Elected for a fourth time, in 1960, he was deposed again in 1961. Reelected in 1968 he was deposed by the military in 1972.
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