José María Morelos Biography

Priest (c. 1765–1815)
Revolutionary priest José María Morelos assumed leadership of the Mexican independence movement after Miguel Hidalgo's 1810 rebellion and subsequent execution.


José María Morelos was born September 30, 1765 in Valladolid, Mexico. In 1811 he joined Miguel Hidalgo's insurrection and, after Hidalgo's death, took command of the movement in southern Mexico. Between 1812 and 1815 he controlled most of Mexico southwest of Mexico City. He called the Congress of Chilpancingo in 1813 to form a government. In November the congress declared Mexico's independence.

Fact Check

We strive for accuracy and fairness. If you see something that doesn't look right, contact us!