Novelist, playwright, essayist and literary critic Honoré de Balzac was born on May 20, 1799, in Tours, France. In 1835, he published the most famous novel of his lifetime, Le Père Goriot. Over the course of his career, de Balzac invented literary realism and wrote 91 novels and short stories. From 1829 until his death—on August 18, 1850, in Paris, France—he worked on his serial novel, La Comédie humaine.
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