Known as "the father of the poor," Hipolito Irigoyen was Argentina's first president elected by its citizenry. He held the office twice, from 1916 to 1922, and from 1928 to 1930. He was active in social reforms for the poor and working class, including improving factory conditions, regulating work hours, and pushing for pensions. He was driven out of office during his second term by military coup.
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