On assignment for ’60 Minutes,’ Oprah Winfrey visited the grave of Recy Taylor, the woman she referenced in her Golden Globes acceptance speech. Taylor was gang-raped by a group white men in Alabama in 1944; two juries refused to indict the men for their crimes.
Jackie Robinson broke the color barrier when he became the first black athlete to play Major League Baseball in the 20th century. He signed with the Brooklyn Dodgers in 1947, and was named Rookie of the Year that year, National League MVP in 1949 and a World Series champ in 1955.
Nat King Cole became the first African-American performer to host a variety TV series in 1956. He's best known for his soft baritone voice and for singles like "The Christmas Song," "Mona Lisa" and "Nature Boy."