Browse our collection of African Americans who were firsts in the field of literature, including Maya Angelou, James Weldon Johnson, Gwendolyn Brooks, Alain LeRoy Locke, Octavia E. Butler, James Alan McPherson, Charlayne Hunter-Gault, Charles H. Houston and Frances E.W. Harper. Explore full biographies, photo galleries, videos and more, only at Biography.com.
Friday's Google Doodle celebrated what would have been the 71st birthday of author Octavia E. Butler. Known for such works as 'Kindred' and the 'Parable' series, she was the first science-fiction writer to receive a "genius" grant from the MacArthur Foundation.
Award-winning journalist Charlayne Hunter-Gault became the first African-American woman to enroll at the University of Georgia, as well as one of the first two African-American students to integrate the school, in 1961.