George Burns

George Burns Biography

Television Personality, Comedian, Film Actor, Television Actor, Theater Actor, Radio Personality, Actor (1896–1996)
George Burns was a comedian best known for his long-running radio and television show with wife Gracie Allen.


George Burns was born Nathan Birnbaum in New York City on January 20, 1896. He got his start as a vaudeville comedian, developing an act with Gracie Allen. Burns and Allen launched a long partnership in radio, film and television. Burns outlived Allen by decades, during which time he won an Academy Award. The cigar-puffing comedian died at the age of 100 in Beverly Hills, California, on March 9, 1996.

Early Life

George Burns was born Nathan Birnbaum in New York City on January 20, 1896. One of 12 children in a Romanian-Jewish family, Burns made money by singing in saloons as a child. He began teaching dance while still very young, performing regularly in New York and New Jersey in his 20s.

Career and Partnership With Gracie Allen

It was during a performance in Newark that Burns met a fellow performer, Gracie Allen, who would become his lifelong partner. They developed an act in which Burns delivered the jokes, but after realizing his partner's comedic gifts, Burns rewrote the material to become the straight man to Allen's flighty, silly character. The pair was well known on the vaudeville circuit by the time they married in 1926.

With the changing entertainment landscaping pushing stars like Al Jolson, Milton Berle and Fanny Brice away from vaudeville, Burns and Allen moved to radio in 1929, landing a regular show that ran from 1932 to 1950. Their show boasted an audience of 40 million listeners by the late 1930s, their star power translating to opportunities to bring their talents to the big screen. The couple played themselves in a several films, including International House (1933), Many Happy Returns (1934), A Damsel in Distress (1937) and College Swing (1938).

In 1950, The George Burns and Gracie Allen Show debuted on CBS television, immediately becoming one of the top-rated shows of the decade. Burns and Allen remained popular and prominent until Allen's retirement in 1959. She died of a heart attack in 1964. Burns had his wife buried with Episcopal rites, although she was a Catholic, so that he could eventually be buried beside her. Burns experienced heart trouble in the 1970s, undergoing major surgery in 1975.

Later Life

After recovering from his heart troubles, Burns returned to the film industry. He won an Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor for his performance in the film adaptation of Neil Simon's play The Sunshine Boys (1975). He played God in the film Oh God! (1977) and its sequels, Oh God! Book II (1980) and Oh God! You Devil (1984)—in which he appeared as both God and the Devil.

In 1987, comedian George Burns, cigar in hand, introduced the Super Bowl XXI half-time show the show. Burns won a lifetime achievement award from the John F. Kennedy Center for the Performing Arts in 1988. He wrote two best-selling autobiographical books: Gracie: A Love Story (1988) and All My Best Friends (1989), along with eight other works chronicling and reflecting on his experiences in the entertainment industry.

George Burns died in Beverly Hills, California on March 9, 1996. He was 100 years old. Burns and Allen had two children, a son and a daughter, both of whom died between 2007 and 2010.

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