Gabriela Mistral Biography

Poet, Diplomat (1889–1957)
Chilean poet Gabriela Mistral won the 1945 Nobel Prize for Literature. Her 1922 collection Desolación deals with the aftermath of her lover’s suicide.


Poet Gabriela Mistral was born on April 7, 1889, in Vicuña, Chile. She became a schoolteacher at age 15 and later a college professor, cultural minister and diplomat. In 1914, she won a Chilean prize for three "Sonetos de la muerte" ("Sonnets of Death"). The suicide of her lover influenced her work. Mistral won a Nobel Prize for Literature in 1945, becoming the first Latin American to receive that honor.

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