Frederick Sanger was born on August 13, 1918, in Rendcombe, England. He was raised in a wealthy, Quaker family. He received his doctorate in biochemistry from St. John’s College in 1943. In 1958, he was awarded a Nobel Prize for discovering the structure of insulin. He received his second Nobel Prize in 1980 for his research regarding the sequencing of DNA molecules. He retired three years later. Sanger died on November 19, 2013 at the age of 95.
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