Born in 1750 in Venezuela, Francisco de Medina served in the Spanish army before leaving in 1738. Hoping to liberate South America from Spain, he organized revolutionaries in England. In 1810, he met Simón Bolívar and became a general in his army. Venezuela declared independence in 1811 and Medina assumed power, but surrendered when counterattacked. He died in his prison cell in 1816.
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