François Mauriac was born on Oct. 11, 1885, in Bordeaux, France. Born into an upper-middle-class family, he studied in Bordeaux and Paris before leaving school to write. He gained attention with his 1922 novel Le Baiser au lépreux (The Kiss to the Leper.) The prolific writer explored Christian themes and wrote political pieces condemning totalitarianism. He won the 1952 Nobel Prize for Literature.
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