François Duvalier was born on April 14, 1907, in Port-au-Prince, Haiti. He studied medicine and President Dumarsais Estimé appointed him director general of the National Public Health Service in 1946. When Estimé was overthrown, Duvalier organized a resistance and was elected president in 1957. He remained in power for 14 years. He operated a regime of terror, causing nearly 30,000 deaths.
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