Ferdinand was born February 26, 1861, in Vienna, Austria. The youngest son of Prince Augustus I of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, he was elected prince of Bulgaria in 1887. He became an important factor influencing national affairs. In 1908, he used the occasion of the eve of the Austro-Hungarian annexation of Bosnia-Hercegovina to proclaim Bulgaria's full independence and assumed the title of king.
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