Ernesto Cardenal Martínez was born on January 20, 1925 in Granada, Nicaragua. He studied with the Trappest monk, Thomas Merton, in Kentucky. Cardenal's poems are known for their political messages and cultural traditions. His early poems denounce the senseless violence of the Somoza regime in Nicaragua. The poems in Salmos (The Psalms of Struggle and Liberation) represent Cardenal's rewriting of the biblical psalms of David and condemn modern-day evils. In Oración por Marilyn Monroe y otros poemas (Marilyn Monroe, and Other Poems), the earlier prophetic tone is linked to contemporary events. His body of work has been published in both Spanish and English.
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