Daniel F. Malan was born on May 22, 1874, near Riebeeck West, Cape Colony. He became a Dutch Reformed minister and entered the South African parliament in 1918. He assumed leadership of the National Party in 1940 and they won the 1948 elections by appealing to Afrikaner racial sentiments. He served as Prime Minister from 1948–1954 and instituted apartheid. He died in 1959.
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