Aimé Césaire was born June 26, 1913, in Basse-Pointe, Martinique. Together with Senghor and others involved in the Negritude movement, Césaire was educated in Paris. In the early 1940s he returned to Martinique and engaged in political action supporting the decolonization of the French colonies of Africa. In 1945 he became mayor of Fort-de-France, and he retained that position until 2001.
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