Élie Metchnikoff Biography

Scientist, Zoologist, Biologist (1845–1916)
Russian zoologist and microbiologist Élie Metchnikoff received a Nobel Prize for his discovery of phagocytosis, amoeba-like cells engulfing foreign bodies.


Élie Metchnikoff was born May 16, 1845, near Kharkiv, Ukraine. 1882–1886, while studying the origin of digestive organs in bipinnaria starfish larvae, he observed that certain cells unconnected with digestion surrounded and engulfed carmine dye particles and splinters that he had introduced into the bodies of the larvae. He named the process phagocytosis.

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