Tavis Smiley biography
Tavis Smiley was born in Gulfport, Mississippi, on September 13, 1964. He grew up in Bunker Hill, Indiana and attended Indiana University before working for Los Angeles Mayor Tom Bradley. He began his national broadcasting career in the 1990s, appearing on The Tom Joyner Morning Show and then on his own program on Black Entertainment Television. Since 2000, Smiley has hosted his own shows on public radio and public television, and has written numerous books.
Background and Early Life
Tavis Smiley was born in Gulfport, Mississippi, on September 13, 1964. His mother, Joyce Marie Roberts, was a single teenaged mother. Two years later, she married Emory Garnell Smiley, a non-commissioned officer in the United States Air Force. Smiley did not learn the identity of his birth father until many years later, and he has never publicly revealed his father's name.
The Smiley family moved to Bunker Hill, Indiana, when Smiley's stepfather was transferred to Grissom Air Force Base. At home, Smiley suffered from poverty as well as from physical abuse by his stepfather. He attended Bunker Hill's Maconaquah High School, where he participated in student government and the debate team.
Early Career in Politics and Broadcasting
After graduating from high school, Smiley left home to attend Indiana University at Bloomington, Indiana, where he studied public affairs, was involved in student government and joined the Kappa Alpha Psi fraternity.
Smiley left Indiana University in 1988 to work for Tom Bradley, the first African-American mayor of Los Angeles, through 1990. (He had left Indiana without the full credits for graduation; he finished his degree several years later, in 2003.)
After an unsuccessful campaign for a seat on the Los Angeles City Council in 1991, Smiley began working as a radio commentator for an L.A. radio station, broadcasting short, daily segments about issues affecting the African-American community.
In 1996, Smiley was hired as a political commentator on the radio program The Tom Joyner Morning Show—a position that he held through 2008.
Radio and Television Host
Smiley hosted BET Tonight with Tavis Smiley, on the Black Entertainment Television cable network, from 1998 to 2001. In 2001, he began hosting The Tavis Smiley Show on National Public Radio; he resigned from this position three years later, citing NPR's lack of reach to diverse audiences.
In 2004, Smiley began hosting Tavis Smiley, a nightly talk program shown nationally on Public Broadcasting Service television stations, for which he was given the NAACP Image Award. He now appears on two programs on Public Radio International: He serves as host of The Tavis Smiley Show, and co-hosts Smiley & West with African-American professor and intellectual Cornel West.
Smiley has also been a special correspondent to the ABC and CNN networks since 2001. Through all these radio and television programs, he has interviewed noteworthy individuals from politicians and authors to athletes and actors, usually with an emphasis on the African-American experience.
Books and Other Projects
Smiley has also written more than a dozen non-fiction books. His titles include Doing What's Right: How to Fight for What You Believe and Make a Difference (2000), Keeping the Faith: Stories of Love, Courage, Healing and Hope from Black America (2002), What I Know for Sure: My Story of Growing Up in America (2006) and Fail Up: 20 Lessons on Building Success from Failure (2011).
In 2006, Smiley edited The Covenant with Black America, a collection of essays by African-American scholars discussing social and political crises faced by the African-American population, and in 2012 he co-wrote The Rich and the Rest of Us: A Poverty Manifesto with Cornel West.
Smiley founded the Tavis Smiley Foundation in 1999 to provide young people with leadership training and opportunities for social action.