Muhammad Zia ul-Haq biography
Born in India, Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq served with the British army during WWII, working his way up to chief of staff in the Pakistani Army by 1976. A year later, he staged a bloodless coup and assumed the presidency. During his ten-year reign, he imposed martial law while building up his military in response to the Soviet invasion of neighboring Afghanistan. Zia was killed in a plane crash in 1988.