Jack Kilby biography
Jack Kilby was born on November 8, 1923, in Jefferson City, Missouri. After earning degrees in electrical engineering, he was hired by Texas Instruments. While working for TI, Kilby co-created the integrated circuit, the single-most important component in nearly all modern electronic devices. He also designed the first IC-based electronic calculator—the Pocketronic—in 1967. Kilby was awarded the Nobel Prize for physics in 2000. He died in 2005.