- NAME: Winston Churchill
- OCCUPATION: Prime Minister, Journalist
- BIRTH DATE: November 30, 1874
- DEATH DATE: January 24, 1965
- EDUCATION: St. George's School, Brunswick School, Harrow School, Royal Military College (Academy) at Sandhurst
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Blenheim Palace, Woodstock, England
- PLACE OF DEATH: Hyde Park Gate, London, England
- Full Name: Sir Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill
- AKA: Winston Churchill
- Nickname: Winnie
Best Known For
As prime minister, Sir Winston Churchill rallied the British people during WWII, and led his country from the brink of defeat to victory.
Noted for his military service, Winston Churchill led England during World War II . He took the blame for the Gallipoli landings during World War I, but eventually became Prime Minister and led the fight against Adolf Hitler.
The British Bulldog inspired his countrymen in their fight against Adolf Hitler and helped lead the Allies to victory during World War II.
As the Germans seized Western Europe, Adolf Hitler planned to invade Britain. After a month of fighting, Hitler focused on attacking London in what is now known as "The Blitz."
Margaret Thatcher was the first female Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. Her speech against communism earned her the name "The Iron Lady." Leading Britain through a war and out of a recession, she left a huge mark on politics.
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Winston Churchill's life was a trajectory of events leading to his stand against Adolph Hitler's threat to control Europe. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, Churchill helped lead a successful Allied strategy with President Franklin D. Roosevelt and General Secretary Joseph Stalin during WWII to defeat the Axis powers and craft post-war peace. After the breakdown of the alliance,
"An appeaser is one who feeds a crocodile, hoping it will eat him last."
"I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat."
"Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few."
"A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; an optimist sees the opportunity in every difficulty."
"Courage is rightly esteemed the first of human qualities ... because it is the quality which guarantees all others."
"From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic an iron curtain has descended across the Continent."
he alerted the West to the expansionist threat of Soviet Communism.
Winston Leonard Spencer-Churchill was born to an aristocratic family on November 30, 1874. As his life unfolded, he displayed the traits of his father, Lord Randolph Churchill, a British statesman from an established English family, and his mother, Jeannie Jerome, an independent-minded New York socialite. As a young child, Churchill grew up in Dublin, Ireland, where his father was employed by his grandfather, the 7th Duke of Marlborough, John Spencer-Churchill. When he entered formal school, Churchill proved to be an independent and rebellious student. He did poorly at his first two schools and in April, 1888, he was sent to Harrow School, a boarding school near London. Within weeks of his enrollment, he joined the Harrow Rifle Corps, which put him on a path to a military career.
At first it didn't seem the military was a good choice for Churchill. It took him three tries to pass the exam for the British Royal Military College. However, once there, he did well and graduated 20th in his class of 130. Up to this time, his relationship with both his mother and father was distant, though he adored them both. While at school, Churchill wrote emotional letters to this mother, begging her to come see him, but she seldom came. His father died when he was 21, and it was said that Churchill knew him more by reputation than by any close relationship they shared.
Churchill enjoyed a brief but eventful career in the British army at a zenith of British military power. He joined the Fourth Hussars in 1895 and served in the Indian northwest frontier and the Sudan, where he saw action in the Battle of Omdurman in 1898. While in the army, he wrote military reports for newspapers The Pioneer and the Daily Telegraph, and two books on his experiences, The Story of the Malakand Field Force (1898) and The River War (1899).
In 1899, Churchill left the army and worked as a war correspondent for the Morning Post, a conservative daily newspaper. While reporting on the Boer War in South Africa, he was taken prisoner by the Boers while on a scouting expedition. He made headlines when he escaped, traveling almost 300 miles to Portuguese territory in Mozambique. Upon his return to Britain, he wrote about his experiences in the book London to Ladysmith (1900).
In 1900, Churchill became a Member of Parliament in the Conservative Party for Oldham, a town in Manchester. Following his father into politics, he also followed his father's sense of independence, becoming a supporter of social reform.
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