- NAME: William Penn
- OCCUPATION: Lawyer, Minister, Missionary, Journalist
- BIRTH DATE: October 14, 1644
- DEATH DATE: July 30, 1718
- EDUCATION: Chigwell School, University of Oxford, Christ Church College, Protestant Academy
- PLACE OF BIRTH: London, England, United Kingdom
- PLACE OF DEATH: Ruscombe, Berkshire, England, United Kingdom
Best Known For
William Penn was an English Quaker best known for founding the colony of Pennsylvania as a place for religious freedom in America.
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In some ways, Pennsylvania was a quick success: It attracted many Quakers from England and Europe, as well as members of other groups seeking religious tolerance. However, the colony was also beset by financial troubles, border disputes and political conflict. In 1684, Penn returned to England, where his fortunes rose and fell with changes in royal rule. He lived in Pennsylvania again between 1699 and 1701, and revised its constitution during that time; after this stay,
he resided in England for the rest of his life, leaving the colony under the management of his secretary, James Logan, and various deputy governors.
In 1696, Penn married his second wife, Hannah Callowhill, with whom he had seven children (his first wife had died in 1694). His wife assisted him in his proprietorship of Pennsylvania in his later years, especially after he suffered a stroke in 1712. Penn died in Ruscombe, in the county of Berkshire, England, on July 30, 1718.
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