- NAME: Walter White
- OCCUPATION: Civil Rights Activist, Journalist, Author
- BIRTH DATE: July 01, 1893
- DEATH DATE: March 21, 1955
- Did You Know?: Walter White is the great-grandson of William Henry Harrison, the ninth president of the United States.
- EDUCATION: Atlanta University
- PLACE OF BIRTH: Atlanta, Georgia
- PLACE OF DEATH: New York, New York
- Full Name: Walter Francis White
- AKA: Walter White
Best Known For
As a member of the NAACP, Walter White investigated lynchings and worked to end segregation. He was the organization's executive secretary from 1931 to 1955.
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However, White's investigations into the practice helped reduce the number of lynchings.
Under White's direction, the NAACP also used legal channels to fight segregation, poll taxes and other discriminatory measures. He was able to see the validation of this strategy with the 1954 ruling in Brown v. Board of Education.
Along with A. Philip Randolph,
White encouraged President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to issue 1941's Fair Employment Practices executive order, which forbade racial discrimination in defense industry hiring. After looking into the the treatment of African-American soldiers during World War II, White wrote A Rising Wind (1945). President Harry Truman's commission for civil rights and his move to desegregate the armed forces were prompted by his contact with White and White's book.
In 1948, White's autobiography, A Man Called White, was released. It talked about the role he had played in the NAACP, but his power in the organization had waned with age, health issues and internal strife following his second marriage to a white woman. However, White remained the titular head of the NAACP until he had a heart attack at age 61 and died in New York City on March 21, 1955.
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