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Dancer and choreographer Twyla Tharp founded the Twyla Tharp Dance Company. Her work for the American Ballet Theatre combined classical and modern styles.
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Twyla Tharp was born on July 1, 1941, in Portland, Indiana. She debuted as a dancer with the Paul Taylor Dance Company. When she was 23, she started her own dance company. In 1984, her TV special Baryshnikov by Tharp earned her two Emmys. From 1999 to 2003, her dance company toured the world. As of 2013, she was slated to premiere her 130th work at the American Dance Festival's 80th summer season.
"You have to be either hopelessly passionate, or very stupid."
"I think that anyone who's pushed to do the very best that they can is privileged."
"There are moments where things come, and they don't know where they've come from. It's the business of discovery, and being able to have that freshness in your daily procedure that enriches the life. It keeps the discipline that's necessary for any artist from becoming stale."
Dancer and choreographer Twyla Tharp was born to Lucille and William Tharp on July 1, 1941, in Portland, Indiana. Lucille, a piano teacher, started Twyla on lessons when she was just a year and a half old. In 1951, Twyla and her family moved to Rialto, California. Soon after, she started dance lessons at the Vera Lynn School of Dance.
After graduating from Pacific High School, Tharp enrolled at Pomona College, where she trained as a dancer under Wilson Morelli and John Butler. Partway through her sophomore year, she transferred to Barnard College in Manhattan. There she honed her ballet skills at the American Ballet Theatre, under the tutelage of Igor Schwezoff. In New York, Tharp also studied dance under Martha Graham and Merce Cunningham. After Tharp graduated from Barnard with an art history degree in 1963, she debuted as a professional dancer with the Paul Taylor Dance Company.
The year before Tharp graduated from Barnard, she married a classmate, painter Peter Young. The marriage ended in divorce and was followed by Tharp's second marriage, to artist Bob Huot. Tharp and Huot's marriage too ended in divorce, but resulted in the birth of Tharp's only child, a son named Jesse.
When Tharp was 23 years old, she started her own dance company. After struggling initially, the Twyla Tharp Dance Company took off in the early 1970s, with works such as Time Goes By (1973). Her first work to hit the Broadway stage was 1980's When We Were Very Young. Tharp danced for the company until the mid-1980s, at which time she took a break from dancing to focus on choreographing—not only for the Twyla Tharp Dance Company, but also for movies and television. In 1987 the company temporarily disbanded.
Following her ballet company's disbandment, Tharp joined the American Ballet Theatre to work as Mikhail Baryshnikov's artistic associate. In 1984, her TV special Baryshnikov by Tharp earned her two Emmy Awards. Tharp left the American Ballet Theatre in 1989, transferring her productions to the Boston Ballet and the Hubbard Street Dance Company in Chicago.
Tharp returned to dancing in 1991, and published her autobiography, Push Comes to Shove, the following year. In 1995 she rejoined the American Ballet Theatre as a choreographer, and staged a revision of American We (1995) and The Elements.
The revitalized Twyla Tharp Dance Company launched a wildly successful global tour from 1999 to 2003. In 2006, Tharp saw another of her pieces make it to Broadway: The Times They Are A-Changin', inspired by Bob Dylan's music.
As of spring 2013, Tharp was slated to premiere her 130th work at the American Dance Festival's summer season—in Durham, North Carolina, and New York City—from June 13 to July 27.
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