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Terry Gilliam is a filmmaker and member of the Monty Python comedy troupe. His hit films include 12 Monkeys and The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus.
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Brazil received a warm reception by critics. Gilliam, along with co-writers Tom Stoppard and Charles McKeown, received an Academy Award nomination for best screenplay.
Continuing to direct, Gilliam found mainstream success with 1991's The Fisher King. This contemporary tale stars Jeff Bridges,
Robin Williams and Mercedes Ruehl. Williams plays a homeless man on a quest and Bridges' character tries to help him. Gilliam returned to the future and time travel with the science fiction tale 12 Monkeys (1995) starring Bruce Willis, Madeleine Stowe and Brad Pitt.
After 12 Monkeys, Gilliam worked on Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas. The movie is based on the book by Hunter S. Thompson and stars Johnny Depp as the offbeat literary legend. Both critics and movie-goers were divided on the film. Gilliam's failed effort to bring The Man who Killed Don Quixote to the big screen was recorded in the 2002 documentary Lost in La Mancha.
Turning to fairy tales, Gilliam directed the 2005 film Brothers Grimm, starring Matt Damon and Heath Ledger. He brought Ledger into his fantastical project The Imaginarium of Doctor Parnassus (2009), but Ledger died of a drug overdose during the making of the film. In an effort to save the film, Gilliam brought in Johnny Depp, Jude Law and Colin Farrell to play different versions of Ledger's character.
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Following the "Swinging London" era of the 1960s, a new group of cultural icons arose. The 1970s saw the emergence of the punk rock movement, built upon the wave of psychedelic and folk rock music introduced in the '60s. In the post-hippie era of the early '70s, rock 'n' roll had a new glam image, pioneered by outrageously dressed rockers like David Bowie and Marc Bolan. Soon other acts followed, most notably young performers like Siouxsie Sioux and groups like T.Rex and The Clash. The music of the '70s inspired fashion as well, in particular designer Vivienne Westwood, whose punk designs for the Sex Pistols helped define the decade's London style. Biography.com looks at the various icons who defined London in the '70s.
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